Diabetic foot refers to lower limb infection, ulceration and destruction of deep tissue in diabetic patients due to neuropathy and various degrees of peripheral vascular lesions. Diabetic foot is one of the most serious complications of diabetes, and also an important cause of disability and death in diabetic patients, which seriously threatens the quality of life of patients. Therefore, we should pay attention to the prevention and treatment of diabetic foot and take effective nursing measures.
Specific nursing methods are as follows:
1. Dietary care
Dietary control of diabetes is an important link to control blood glucose. For patients with short course of diabetes, dietary intake should be strictly controlled. However, many patients with diabetic foot tend to have diabetes for more than ten years. Some patients with long-term disease lead to emaciation and poor resistance. Once there are wounds, the recovery is slow. Low-salt diet and high-quality low-protein, high-calorie, vitamin-rich diet can be adopted. Tobacco, alcohol and spicy diet should be avoided.
2. Foot care
The patient’s feet should be examined every day. And the patients are reminded to protect their feet, keep the feet clean and avoid barefoot walking. For infected wounds, dressing should be changed every day.And it is recommended that patients go to the hospital for professional wound disinfection.
3. Mental nursing
Nursing staff should communicate with patients patiently, understand their psychological state and obtain the trust of patients. Popularize the related knowledge of diabetic foot to patients, introduce the cured cases of diabetic foot to them, and help them establish confidence in overcoming the disease.
Some patients after amputation don’t dare to move for fear of pain, bleeding, etc. Nursing staff should strengthen propaganda and education, accompany and guide patients to carry out rehabilitation exercise, promote blood circulation of stump, prevent muscle atrophy.
Diabetic foot lesions can be prevented and treated. It is very important for diabetic patients to master the methods of prevention correctly. Good treatment and nursing can strengthen the ability of patients to recognize diabetic foot, prevent the recurrence rate of diabetic foot, reduce the rate of amputation disability and improve the quality of life of patients.